The study aims to examine how and where conflicts among migrants emerge as transnational (anti-)racism and how they transform in relation to racism experienced in the destination country. What are the boundary-making strategies that migrants use to cope with experiences of racism, and what conditions limit these strategies in Germany?
There are five main boundary-making strategies limited by institutional environments, intersectional power relations, sociopolitical networks, and spatio-temporal elements: • based on similarities (language, religion, etc.), • through appropriating discourses on integration, good/bad migrant narrative, and deservedness to bond with majority society, • bonding based on minority positions, • sticking with the pre-migration boundaries and overemphasizing differences, • disassociating from boundaries assigned to them in Germany.
We anticipated the importance of sub-religious differences (e.g., Shia-Sunni) in boundary-making strategies but according to the results, other differences and similarities such as class, political alliances are far more important. We expected more direct effects of dominant racist discourses (e.g., Islamophobia, Aryanism) in Germany on boundary-making strategies among migrants. However, indirect impacts through governmental and transnational migration policies are also of high significance.